Kompas.com – Maybe we thought that the habit of snacking at night is because during the hunger that suddenly appeared. In fact, there may be certain factors that actually make us like “addicted” to always chew on just before bedtime.
1. Lazy Breakfast
Many women confessed lazy breakfast because it was not used. In fact, these actions can thwart even the weight-loss efforts underway. Marci Gluck, PhD., A clinical psychologist from the National Institutes of Health said the urge to snack after dinner at night is usually felt by those who intake of breakfast and lunch a little. As a result, the body’s defense system against hunger too easy to collapse and we tend to eat more in the afternoon and evening.
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In addition, studies conducted in Finland found that those who are not accustomed to breakfast tend to smoke more often. They also consume more alcohol, and more lazy to exercise. Not surprisingly, this group had a higher weight than those who regularly eat breakfast.
2. Mental Fatigue
Research conducted in Australia in 2007 showed a significant relationship between mental stress with a snack snacking habits at night. This is mainly on women.
According to the research, we tend to overcome anxiety, depression, and stress, eating foods high in fat and sugar. In fact, when the stress came, the production of the hormone cortisol in the body increases. These hormones play a role in causing the accumulation of fat in the abdomen, and triggers the desire to snack is hard to resist.
3. Already Accustomed snacking
Basically, the body systems work in accordance with the patterns or habits that we form. If during the time we get used to snacking every hour of 9 pm, the body will automatically “request” to fill the food on time, every day. It still happens even when the body was supposed to rest and stop “working”.
As a result, food became difficult to digest because the body had been in a state of rest. Furthermore, the accumulation of fat and calories occurs in our bodies. If these conditions are taught in a long time – consciously or not – then we potentially are obese. Explains Kathleen Zelman, MPH, RD, LD, nutritionist and spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association.
4. Affected Night Eating Syndrome (NES)
NES is a symptom of eating disorders was first proposed by Dr. Albert Stunkard, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania, in 1995. He conducted a study on 25 patients with obesity, as many as 90% of whom were women.
Approximately 64% of study participants experienced three symptoms of eating disorders, namely the increasing appetite in the night, difficulty sleeping, and no appetite in the morning. In America, this phenomenon attacked nearly six million inhabitants. In Indonesia, according to Dr. Tjandraningrum, surely there is no data about the number of events.
Meanwhile, in the Norwegian study also showed that NES patients generally experience decreased levels of several types of hormone in their bodies at night. Among these are melatonin and leptin. This decline makes the patient is always awake at night, so it is easy to feel hungry.